Number of Foals Born in UK Each Year is ‘Almost Impossible’ to Quantify
In an Effort to Shine Spotlight on ‘Invisible Foals’, World Horse Welfare highlights huge numbers of horses that are unidentified
World Horse Welfare research to find the number of foals born in the UK has revealed that it is almost impossible to quantify just how many join our horse population each year.
As part of its campaign to raise awareness of the world’s ‘invisible horses’, World Horse Welfare contacted 66 equine passport issuing organisations (PIO’s) in the UK to request data on the number of foals recorded by them in 2014. Data received from the 38 PIOs who responded, combined with an estimate on the others who did not respond, would suggest a total of around 25,000 foals were born and recorded in 2014.
Whilst EU legislation requires all horses and ponies to have a valid passport and corresponding microchip by the time they reach six months of age or by 31st December in the year of birth, thousands of foals and youngsters may slip through the net every year as owners may not have them identified and a passport issued.
World Horse Welfare Chief Executive, Roly Owers said:
“Our best estimate, based on data received is that something around 25,000 foals were born and recorded with a PIO in 2014. Based on a total UK equine population of 800,000 the true number is likely to be around 40,000, with thousands of foals born every year that are unrecorded and therefore invisible.
“This may be a crude estimation but is based on evidence from both World Horse Welfare and a number of other charities and organisations This failure to apply for a passport in time is not only contrary to current EU regulations but it puts these animals at a much higher risk because they are effectively invisible and not on anyone’s radar.
“Whilst a percentage of them may go on to have careers in sport or become leisure animals loved and pampered by their owners, we know that many are just as likely to face an uncertain future because there are simply not enough homes for the number of horses we are producing each year in the UK.
“Our latest figures show there are more than 4,000 horses at risk in the UK and thousands more already in the care of charities, many of whom are struggling with limited capacity and stretched resources. World Horse Welfare alone took in over 100 horses in just 40 days before Christmas which represents almost one third of the charity’s maximum stocking level.
“Foals born into this market landscape may struggle to find homes. Those that are on a PIO database are likely to be much better off because their owners are taking responsibility for them by getting them identified but it’s the foals that are not identified who are a greater concern to us. They are invisible to the system, and cannot be linked to anyone responsible for their care. In addition no vet can administer a medicinal product to a horse or pony unless it has a passport so this adds to the problems that these animals may face if they become ill.”
World Horse Welfare has named 2016 the year to highlight the world’s invisible horses who often suffer in silence as people either cannot or choose not to see them. The year-long campaign will highlight the plight of these horses, making them ‘visible’ so they can receive the care and protection they so desperately need with the first quarter of the year aimed at highlighting the number of foals born into uncertain futures and the wide-reaching impact this has on horse welfare.
From the horses left in barns and stables for weeks on end, to those working many hours every day on the streets of Choluteca in Honduras or Cape Town in South Africa who go unnoticed by governments and policymakers, to the horses transported long distances across borders to be slaughtered or to face uncertain futures and those who sadly are sometimes found too late. The charity will be focussing on a number of key themes as the year progresses including; foals and youngsters, rescue and rehoming, working horses around the world and campaigning to improve laws to protect horses.